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English Language Arts

Fundations Scope and Sequence- Level 2


Unit 1

Letter-Keyword-Sound for consonants and vowels

Concept of consonant digraphs

Letter-Keyword-Sound for digraphs

Concept of consonant blends

Concept of digraph blends

Spelling of /k/ sound

Closed syllable type

Sample words: quilt, elf, shred, kick, crush


Unit 2

Bonus letter spelling rule; ff, ll, ss, and sometimes zz

Glued sounds: all, am, an, ang, ing, ong, ung, ank, ink, onk, unk

Blending and reading words with glued sounds

Segmenting and spelling words with bonus letter and glued sounds


Fluent passage reading

Story retelling

Ar, er, ir, or, ur

Trick words: shall, pull, full, both, talk, walk

Sample words: spill, string, stand, toss


Unit 3

Concept of closed syllable exceptions

Glued sounds: ild, ind, old, olt, ost

Story retelling

Fluent passage reading

Ai, ay, ea, ee, ey, oi, oy

Trick words: done, goes, pretty

Sample words: wild, find, cold, colt, post


Unit 4

Review suffixes: -s, -es, -ed, -ing

Additional sounds of –ed suffix /d/, /t/

Comparison suffixes: -er, -est

Spelling procedures for words with suffixes

Forming plurals

Forming present and past tense

Categorizing vowel and consonant suffixes

Fluent passage reading

Oa, oe, ow, ou, oo, ue, ew

Trick words: again, please, animal, sure, use, used

Sample words: stronger, tallest, spilled, passed


Unit 5

Reading and spelling two syllable words

Review syllable concept in multisyllabic words

Compound words

Syllable division rules for dividing between closed syllables

Procedure for spelling words with more than one syllable

Spelling of ic at the end of multisyllabic words

New suffixes: ful, ment, ness, less, able, en, ish

Prefixes: mis, un, non, dis and trans

Au and aw

Trick words: against, knew, know, always, often, once

Sample words: catnip, habit, tonic, mascot, hundred, freshen, boldness


Unit 6

Review vowel-consonant-e syllables

s- /s/ and /z/

Spelling option procedure

Two syllable words with closed and vowel-consonant-e syllable

Compound words

Vowel-consonant-e exception (ive)

Suffix –ive

Trick words: only, house, move, right, place, together

Sample words: hope, confuse, reptile, olive, inventive


Unit 7

Open syllable type

Y as a vowel

Combining open syllables with closed and vowel-consonant-e syllable

Additional syllable division rules

Y, ly, ty suffixes

Trick words: eight, large, change, city, every, family, night, carry, something

Sample words: no, music, relate, cry, baby, chilly


Unit 8

R-controlled syllable type

Sounds of ar and or

Combining r-controlled syllables with other syllable types

Trick words: world, answer, different

Sample words: fort, part, orbit, party


Unit 9

Sounds of er, ir and ur

Spelling option procedure for /er/ sound

Combining r-controlled syllables with er, ir and ur with other syllable types

Dictionary skills

Trick words: picture, learn, earth, father, brother, mother

Sample words: burst, termite, dirty


Unit 10

Double vowel syllable type

Sounds of ai and ay

Use of spelling option procedure for /a/ sound

Combining all types of syllables


Trick words: great, country, away, America, school, thought

Sample words: paint, display


Unit 11

Sounds of ee, ea and ey

Use of spelling option procedure for /e/ sound

Combining all types of syllables


Trick words: whose, won, son, breakfast, head, ready

Sample words: cheap, keep, chimney


Unit 12

Sounds of oi and oy

Spelling generalizations of /oi/ sound

Trick words: favorite, early, ocean

Sample words: moist, toys, paperboy


Unit 13

The long o sound of oa, oe and ow

Use of spelling option procedure for /o/ sound

Review of suffix endings

Trick words: Monday, Tuesday, cousin, lose, tomorrow, beautiful

Sample words: road, doe, grown


Unit 14

The /ou/ sound of ou and ow

Flexibility in sound choices for reading

Spelling generalizations of /ou/ sound

Trick words: Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday, bought, brought, piece

Sample words: sample, drown, plow


Unit 15

The /u/ sound of oo, ou, ue and ew

The /u/ sound of ue

Use of spelling option procedure for /u/ sounds

Trick words: January, February, July, enough, special, December

Sample words: spoon, soup, overdue, blew, argue


Unit 16

Sounds of au and aw

Spelling generalizations for the /o/ sound

Trick words: August, laugh, daughter

Sample words: claw, aunt


Unit 17

Consonant-le syllable type

Spelling consonant-le words

Review of all 6 syllable types

Trick words: trouble, couple, young

Sample words: gobble, tumble, noble


Good Habits, Great Readers is based on the following seven units of study:

Unit 1-Great Readers See Themselves as Readers-

This unit teaches students to care for books, choose books that match their reading level and interests, and build reading stamina.

Unit 2-Great Readers Make Sense of Text-

This unit teaches students to make predictions and ask questions, while reading.  Students are taught to summarize and retell what they have read.  They also work on problem-solving unfamiliar words.

Unit 3-Great Readers Use What They Know-

In this unit students begin to make connections, activate background knowledge, build vocabulary, and make inferences.

Unit 4-Great Readers Understand How Stories Work-

In this unit students will begin to understand story grammar, identify literary devices, and use text features.

Unit 5-Great Readers Read to Learn-

In this unit students will discover how to set a purpose for reading and identify text features and structures for nonfiction books.

Unit 6-Great Readers Monitor and Organize Ideas and Information-

In this unit students will learn essential skills for keeping track of information.  They will learn how to monitor and organize the ideas presented in fiction, nonfiction, and poetry.  They will also learn how the strategy of visualizing can increase their understanding of the text.

Unit 7-Great Readers Think Critically About Books-

In this unit students will learn how to look for and discuss aspects of fiction and nonfiction to help them evaluate books.

Social Studies

Big Ideas and Content:

Unit 1: We Belong to Many Groups

-People belong to many groups, characteristics of different groups
-A neighborhood is a place where families live and work to meet needs, interdependence of members of a community (neighbors, jobs, services)
-Communities have laws for order, rules of classroom
-Key vocabulary: group, community, map, law, goods, services

Unit 2: Where We Live

-People shape the physical environment, ways in which people can change the land
-The community is defined both by where it is located (geography) and the people who live there, characteristics of different communities, the names of landforms and bodies of water
-People have unlimited demand for limited natural resources, ways in which people depend on the land
-Key Vocabulary: geography, landform, continent, globe, resource, conservation

Unit 3: We All Work Together

-Community services are there to help people, ways in which community services meet people's needs
-Consumers are dependent on producers to make and grow the things we need, how producers help to meet our needs
-People have unlimited wants, but limited resources to satisfy them, how people can use their money wisely                                                                                                                                                                                -Key Vocabulary: taxes, factory, transportation, producer, consumer, income

Unit 4: People Make History

-Communities grow and change, the early history of our country, some causes of change
-Many different people have helped make America great, the contributions of Native Americans, settlers, and famous Americans to our country                                                                                                         -Key Vocabulary: history, settler, landmark, President, invention

Unit 5: Being a Good Citizen

-Institutions play an integral role in people's lives, the need for good government and the role citizens play in achieving it
-The United States government puts power in the hands of the people, the three branches of government, and the idea of freedom in America                                                    
-How people honor our country, symbols of our country
-Key Vocabulary: vote, government, judge, mayor, freedom

Unit 6: People in Time and Place

-The United States is made up of many different kinds of people, our ancestors came from many places  -The life of a pioneer family , how pioneers settled our country

-The past influences who we are, personal identity is shaped by one's culture. We learn family, ethnic, and religious customs from family members
- The life of a pioneer family, how pioneers settled our country
-People have different customs and holidays, what people celebrate helps you understand what is important to them.
-Key Vocabulary: pioneer, ancestor, custom, artifact, communication


Second Grade Math

Module 1:  Sums and Differences to 20

Module 2:  Addition and Subtraction of Length Units

Module 3:  Place Value, Counting, and Comparison of Numbers to 1000

Module 4:  Addition and Subtraction within 200 with Word Problems to 100

Module 5:  Addition and Subtraction within 1000 with Word Problems to 100

Module 6:  Foundations of Multiplication and Division

Module 7:  Problem Solving with Length, Money, and Data

Module 8:  Time, Shapes, and Fractions as Equal Parts of Shapes


Second Grade Science:

Unit 1:  Solids and Liquids – States of Matter

Unit 2:  Air and Weather


Bang on Time

Practice telling time to 5 minute intervals
Stop the Clock 1
Telling time to the half hour
Stop the Clock 2
Telling time to the 15 minute intervals
Stop the Clock 3
Telling time to the 5 minute intervals
Stop the Clock 4
Telling time to the minute
Stop the Clock Review
Matching times written in text to pictures